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7 Laws of Noah


 

The 7 Laws of Noah or Noahide Laws are made up of 66 Mitzvot/Commandments out of the 613 that Jewish people follow. The laws are to be a bare minimum followed by all Gentiles.

66 Noahide Laws - 52 Negative, 14 Positive

1 - No Idolatry

Do not deny God. (No Idolatry)

Deuteronomy 4:15-19: Deuteronomy 4:35:

2) “Against making any graven image [& against having anyone else make one for us].” (Negative)
     Exodus 20:3 "You shall have no other gods besides Me"
3) “Against making idols for use by others.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 19:4 "Do not make gods out of metal, for yourselves"
4) “Against making any forbidden statues [even when they are for ornamental purposes].” (Negative)
     Exodus 20:20 "Do not make with Me gods of silver, neither shall you make for yourselves gods of gold"
5) “Against bowing to any idol [& not to sacrifice nor to pour libation nor to burn incense before any idol, even where it is not the customary manner of worship to the particular idol].” (Negative)
     Exodus 20:5 "Do not bow down to them"
6) “Against worshipping idols in any of their customary manners of worship.” (Negative)
     Exodus 20:5 "Do not worship them"
7) “Against causing our children to pass [through the fire] in the worship of Molech.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 18:21 "Do not give any of your children to set them apart to Molech"
8) “Against practicing Ov.” [Ov is Divination using a mantra to obtain a meditative trance to commune with the dead](Negative)
     Leviticus 19:31 "Do not turn to mediums"
9) “Against practicing Yiddoni.” [A Yiddoni involves ritual acts and meditation as a means of imaginary prophecy] (Negative)
10) “Against turning to idolatry [in word, in thought, in deed, or by any observance that may draw us to its worship].” (Negative)
     Leviticus 19:4 "Do not turn to idols"

2 - No Blasphemy

Do not blaspheme God.

Leviticus 24:15-16: Psalms 7:18-8:2:

2) “To fear G-d.” (Positive)
     Deuteronomy 6:13 "You shall fear the L-rd, your G-d"
3) “To pray to Him.” (Positive)
     Exodus 23:25 "And you shall serve the L-rd, your G-d"
4) “To sanctify G-d’s name [in face of death, where appropriate].” (Positive)
     Leviticus 22:32 "But I will be sanctified among the Children of Israel"
5) “Against desecrating G-d’s name [even in face of death, when appropriate].” (Negative)
     Leviticus 22:32 "Neither shall you profane My holy name"
6) “To study the Torah.” (Positive)
     Deuteronomy 6:7 "And you shall teach them diligently to your children."
7) “To honor the scholars, and to revere one’s teacher.” (Positive)
     Leviticus 19:32 "You shall stand up before an elderly person and give respect to a sage"
8) “Against blaspheming.” "Birkat HaShem" (Negative)
     Exodus 22:27 "Do not curse G-d"

3 - No Murder

Do not murder.

Genesis 9:6:

4 - No Adultery

Do not engage in incest, adultery, pederasty or bestiality, as well as homosexual relations.

2) “Against [a man] having union with his sister.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 18:9 "Do not act immodestly...with your sister"
3) “Against [a man] having union with the wife of his father.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 18:8 "Do not act immodestly with your father's wife"
4) “Against [a man] having union with another man’s wife.” (Negative)
     Exodus 20:13 "You shall not commit adultery"
5) “Against [a man] copulating with a beast.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 18:23 "Do not act indecently with an animal"
6) “Against a woman copulating with a beast.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 18:23 "A woman may not act indecently with an animal"
7) “Against [a man] lying carnally with a male.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 18:22 "Do not have a relationship with a male as you would with a woman"
8) “Against [a man] lying carnally with his father.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 18:7 "Do not act immodestly with your father"
9) “Against [a man] lying carnally with his father’s brother.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 18:14 "Do not act immodestly with your father's brother"
10) “Against engaging in erotic conduct that may lead to a prohibited union. [That is, petting by persons whose marriage would be illicit.]” (Negative)
     Leviticus 18:6 "No person shall approach a close relative and act immodestly"

5 - No Theft

Do not steal.

2) “Against committing robbery. [i.e., openly]” (Negative)
     Leviticus 19:13 "Do not commit robbery"
3) “Against shifting a landmark.” (Negative)
     Deuteronomy 19:14 "You shall not remove your neighbor's boundary marker"
4) “Against cheating.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 19:13 "You shall not defraud your neighbor"
5) “Against repudiating a claim of money owed.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 19:11 "You shall not reply falsely"
6) “Against overcharging.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 25:14 "You shall not defraud one another"
7) “Against coveting.” (Negative)
     Exodus 20:14 "You shall not covet your neighbor's house"
8) “Against desiring.” (Negative)
     Deuteronomy 5:18 "You shall not desire your neighbor's house"
9) “A laborer shall be allowed to eat of the fruits among which he works [under certain conditions].” (Positive)
     Deuteronomy 23:2 "When you come (to work) in your neighbor's vineyard, you may eat the grapes...you may Pluck the ears"
10) “Against a laborer eating of such fruit [when certain conditions are not met].” (Negative)
     Deuteronomy 23:26 "You shall not waive a sickle to your neighbor's standing grain"
11) “Against a laborer taking of such fruit home.” (Negative)
     Deuteronomy 23:25 "When you come into your neighbor's vineyard, then you may eat your fill of grapes at your desire; but you shall not put any in your container"
12) “Against kidnapping.” (Negative)
     Exodus 20:13 "Do not steal"
13) “Against the use of false weights & measures.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 19:35 "You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment; in length, in weight or in measure"
14) “Against the possession of false weights & measures.” (Negative)
     Deuteronomy 25:13 "You shall not have in your bag diverse weights, one large and one small"
15) “That one shall be exact in the use of weights & measures.” (Positive)
     Leviticus 19:36 "Honest balance, honest weights, an honest dry measure and an honest liquid measure, you shall have"
16) “That the robber shall return [or pay for] the stolen object.” (Positive)
     Leviticus 5:23 "He shall return that which he stole"

6 - Eating The Limb Of A Living Creature

Do not eat of a live animal.

Genesis 9:3-4:

2) “Against eating the flesh of any animal which was torn by a wild beast which, in part, prohibits the eating of such flesh as was torn off an animal while it was still alive.” (Negative)
     Exodus 22:30 "Neither shall you eat any meat that is torn in the field"

7 - Establish Courts Of Justice

Establish courts/legal system to ensure law and obedience.


2) “To treat the litigants equally before the law.” (Positive)
     Leviticus 19:15 "With righteousness, judge your neighbor"
3) “To inquire diligently into the testimony of a witness.” (Positive)
     Deuteronomy 13:15 "Then you shall inquire, search, and ask diligently"
4) “Against the wanton miscarriag of justice by the court.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 19:15 "You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment"
5) “Against the judge accepting a bribe or gift from a litigant.” (Negative)
     Exodus 23:8 "And you shall take no bribe"
6) “Against the judge showing marks of honor to but one litigant.” (Negative)
     Leviticus 19:15 "Nor honor an important person"
7) “Against the judge acting in fear of a litigant’s threats.” (Negative)
     Deuteronomy 1:17 "You shall not be afraid because of any man"
8) “Against the judge, out of compassion, favoring a poor litigant.” (Negative)
     Exodus 23:3 "You shall not favor a poor man in his cause"
9) “Against the judge discriminating against the litigant because he is a sinner.” (Negative)
     Exodus 23:6 "You shall not pervert the judgment of the needy in his cause"
10) “Against the judge, out of softness, putting aside the penalty of a mauler or killer.” (Negative)
     Deuteronomy 19:21 "And your eye shall not have pity"
11) “Against the judge discriminating against a stranger or an orphan.” (Negative)
     Deuteronomy 24:17 "You shall not pervert the judgment of the stranger or the orphan"
12) “Against the judge hearing one litigant in the absence of another.” (Negative)
     Exodus 23:1 "You shall not raise a false report"
13) “Against appointing a judge who lacks knowledge of the Law.” (Negative)
     Deuteronomy 1:17 "Do not respect persons in judgment"
14) “Against incrimination by circumstantial evidence.” (Negative)
     Exodus 23:7 "And the innocent and righteous you shall not slay"
15) “Against punishing for a crime committed under duress.” (Negative)
     Deuteronomy 22:26 "But to the girl you shall do nothing"
16) “That the court is to administer the death penalty by the sword [i.e., decapitation].” (Positive)
     Exodus 21:20 "[The sin] shall surely be avenged"
17) “Against anyone taking the law into his own hands to kill the perpetrator of a capital crime.” (Negative)
     Numbers 35:12 "The murderer shall not die until he stands before the congregation in judgment"
18) “To testify in court.” (Positive)
     Leviticus 5:1 "And he is witness, whether he has seen or known of it"
19) “Against testifying falsely.” (Negative)
     Exodus 20:13 "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor"

The Law is Only a Minimum

In contrast to the doctrine that the Law is too difficult to follow and that everyone falls short of the Law, the Bible (Hebrew Scriptures) clearly teaches that G-d’s Law is the absolute minimum that He expects everyone to follow. The Law is merely the foundation for our spiritual service to G-d; we start by obeying every detail of the Law–which is not too difficult–and then we can begin building our spiritual “house” in this world, helping to bring the revelation of G-d’s kingdom into the physical world. In other words, the purpose of life is to serve G-d with everything we have. This starts by obeying His Law completely, and on that basis we are now able to harness our energies and opportunities every single day for His goals, not ours.[1]

The Law contains two parallel (but separate) paths for the world: 613 commandments for the Jews, and 66 commandments (contained in the 7 Noachide Laws) for gentiles. Once a Noachide is committed to keeping the 66 mitzvos, he may (and really should) take on the responsibility for additional mitzvos, with certain clear exceptions:

Observing the Sabbath in the manner of the Jews (resting from the actions that were needed for the building of the Tabernacle during the Exodus from Egypt)
Observing the Jewish holy days in the manner of the Jews (resting in a similar manner to the Sabbath)
Studying those parts of the Torah that do not apply to the Noahides’ service of G-d
Writing a Torah scroll (the Five Books of Moses) or receiving an aliyah to the Torah (reading a portion of the Torah at a public gathering)
Making, writing, or wearing tefilin, the phylacteries worn during prayer that contain portions of the Torah
Writing or affixing a mezuzah, the parchment contain­ing portions of the Torah, to one's doorposts or gateposts[2]

But many or most of the 613 mitzvos can be observed by Noachides for spiritual benefit. Indeed, some of these additional commandments are important (though technically not required) for gentiles to observe, while other commandments would also be a good idea.Our generation, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe has repeatedly declared, is the last generation of exile and darkness, and the first generation of Moshiach (the Messiah) and the Redemption. All of us -- Jews and Noachides -- have an urgent responsibility to transform the world immediately in order to bring Moshiach, and this involves going well beyond the minimum of the Law.[3]

[1] [2] https://www.asknoah.org/forums/archive/index.php?thread-15.html
        [3] JAHG-USA Web Site: The Law is Only a Minimum
Whether Noah's flood was only local, or a legend, the fact remains the laws attributed to him by God were for the benefit of all mankind.

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